Selling a stake in a PE management company is fine, say LPs, depending on the GP’s motivation
Two thirds of investors will support a GP decision to sell a stake in its management company if it is to facilitate generational change at the business or to strengthen the resources the manager focuses on its market, according to the 30th edition of Coller Capital’s Global Private Equity Barometer.
By contrast, only a third of LPs think it appropriate for a manager to sell interests in its management company in order to fund GP commitments or launch new products.
This is not to say that investors disapprove of brand extension by their fund managers – over half of LPs are now more willing to back new private equity products from their portfolio GPs than they were five years ago. The reason is clear: almost all investors say that when they have backed portfolio GPs in new product offerings, their investment returns have generally met or exceeded their expectations.
Another recent development in LP-GP relations, private equity fund restructurings, has now moved from the periphery to the mainstream of the private equity world, the Barometer shows. Two-thirds of North American LPs, and almost three-quarters of European LPs, have had one or more GP-led secondaries in their private equity portfolios. LPs accept that these processes are now a fixed feature of private equity’s landscape, but they are alive to the risks as well as the opportunities of such transactions. Investors say that their greatest concerns with future GP-led processes are the possibility of counterparty misalignment or of not having enough information to make a genuinely informed decision.
The Barometer reveals that investing in the private equity asset class is getting more taxing for investors. Two-thirds of Limited Partners report a heavier workload now than they had five years ago – and many aspects of private equity portfolio management are proving more demanding. Three-quarters of LPs are spending more time on monitoring and managing their portfolios, and three in five on reviewing co-investment opportunities.
“The rigidity that characterised the early days of LP-GP relations is disappearing rapidly,” says Jeremy Coller (pictured), chief investment officer of Coller Capital. “Investors are deepening their partnerships with individual managers and becoming far more proactive in managing their portfolios. The downside for Limited Partners themselves is that their workloads are also getting heavier, almost across the board.”
LPs say the benefits they derive from their GP relationships go well beyond the terms of the Limited Partner Agreement (LPA). The value that investors place on GP co-investments is especially clear – fully three-quarters of LPs say their organisations have benefited from co-investments. With regard to other ‘non-contractual’ benefits, two thirds of LPs say they also value market insights and knowledge transfer from their GPs.
The role that the Institutional Limited Partners’ Association (ILPA) has played in the evolution of private equity is widely acknowledged by investors – 86 per cent of them say the association has played an important role in the development of the industry over the last decade. (Around half of the investors who responded to the Summer 2019 edition of the Barometer are currently members of ILPA.)
In terms of future priorities, over 80 per cent of LPs would like to see ILPA focus on creating standardised templates for private equity fund reporting and the terms and conditions in LPAs.
ESG issues are rapidly becoming key considerations in private equity investment decisions, but the variety of ways in which the term ‘ESG’ is used is not helpful. The majority (60 per cent) of LPs think the increasing vagueness of the concept is starting to create problems for the investment community or is likely to do so in the future.
This is not to diminish the importance of ESG itself – LPs and GPs alike are taking its message seriously within their own organisations. Around 70 per cent of both groups are taking steps to improve their own employee diversity.
Beyond diversity, the internal ESG initiatives of LPs and GPs are similar but differ somewhat in prioritisation. Two-thirds of LPs are working to encourage flexible working and family-friendly employment in their own organisations (compared with 43 per cent of GP organisations), while three quarters of GPs are focusing on ESG training and coaching for their employees’ (compared with 43 per cent of LP organisations).
The 30th edition of the Barometer probed investors’ long-term appetite for alternative assets. And this certainly shows no sign of abating. Over half of LPs expect their organisations to dedicate more than a fifth of their total assets to alternative assets in ten years’ time. And LPs also expect private equity’s share of total asset allocation to increase: 43 per cent of Limited Partners expect their organisation to have more than a tenth of its total assets invested in private equity within ten years.
One consequence of continuing capital flows into the asset class is likely to be a strengthening of the private markets’ ecosystem. Almost half of LPs believe that the proportion of portfolio company exits to private buyers (as opposed to public market buyers) is likely to grow over time.
This trend toward higher investor allocations to private equity has stayed consistent over many Barometers. The net balance of LPs planning an increase in allocations (over those planning a decrease) has grown from around 7 per cent of LPs in 2010 to 30 per cent in 2019. Indeed, a similar picture holds for alternative asset allocations generally – with only hedge funds bucking the trend. There has been a net negative balance in investor intentions toward hedge fund allocations since 2013.
The reason for the continuing increase in investor appetite for private equity is clear. While relatively fewer LPs have managed to achieve net long-term annual returns of 16 per cent+ since the global financial crisis, the consistency of returns for the LP community as a whole has improved since the GFC. The proportion of LPs reporting net annual returns of 11 per cent+ over the lifetime of their portfolios has varied between 80 per cent and 87 per cent in every Coller Barometer since 2015.
Despite the rapid advance of venture capital and technology investment in China, two-thirds of the world’s investors believe the USA will prove to be a more attractive market for venture investing over the next five years. And it is interesting to note that investors based in the Asia-Pacific region share this view with their peers in North America and Europe.
In terms of new frontiers, space technology is starting to attract investor interest. One in eight LPs think their institution is likely to invest in a venture capital fund focused on space tech within the next five years.